Using scCO2 in Preparation of Metal-Organic Frameworks: Investigating Effects on Crystallisation

Updated: Aug 21, 2020

In this report, we explore the use of supercritical CO2 (scCO2) in the synthesis of well-known metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) including Zn-MOF-74 and UiO-66, as well as on the preparation of [Cu24(OH-mBDC)24]n metal-organic polyhedra (MOPs) and two new MOF structures {[Zn2(L1)(DPE)]∙4H2O}n and {[Zn3(L1)3(4,4/-azopy)]∙7.5H2O}n, where BTC = benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylate, BDC = benzene-1,4-dicarboxylate, L1 = 4-carboxy-phenylene-methyleneamino-4-benzoate, DPE = 1,2-di(4-pyridyl)ethylene, 4.4/-azopy = 4,4/- azopyridine, and compare the results versus traditional solvothermal preparations at low temperatures (i.e., 40 °Ϲ). The objective of the work was to see if the same or different products would result from the ssCO2 route versus the solvothermal method. We were interested to see which method produced the highest yield, the cleanest product and what types of morphology resulted. While there was no evidence of additional meso- or macroporosity in these MOFs/MOPs nor any significant improvements in product yields through the addition of scCO2 to these systems, it was shown that the use of scCO2 can have an effect on crystallinity, crystal size and morphology.

This work was published in the Special Issue Synthesis, Processing and Applications of Metal–Organic Frameworks using Compressed Fluids, Crystals 2020, 10(1), 17

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